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After extensive discussions on trade in steel and aluminum covered by
the action taken pursuant to Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of
1962 (19 U.S.C. §1862), the United States and Canada have reached an
understanding as follows:
1. The United States and Canada agree to eliminate, no later
than two days from the issuance of this statement:
a. All tariffs the United States imposed under Section 232 on
imports of steel and aluminum products from Canada; and
b. All tariffs Canada imposed in retaliation for the Section 232
action taken by the United States (identified in Customs Notice 18-08
Surtaxes Imposed on Certain Products Originating in the United States,
issued by the Canada Border Services Agency on June 29, 2018 and
revised on July 11, 2018).
2. The United States and Canada agree to terminate all pending litigation
between them in the World Trade Organization regarding the Section 232 action.
3. The United States and Canada will implement effective measures to:
a. Prevent the importation of steel and aluminum that is
unfairly subsidized and/or sold at dumped prices; and
b. Prevent the transshipment of steel and aluminum made outside
of Canada or the United States to the other country. Canada and the
United States will consult together on these measures.
4. The United States and Canada will establish an agreed-upon
process for monitoring steel and aluminum trade between them. In
monitoring for surges, either country may treat products made with
steel that is melted and poured in North America separately from
products that are not.
5. In the event that imports of steel or aluminum products surge
meaningfully beyond historic volumes of trade over a period of time,
with consideration of market share, the importing country may request
consultations with the exporting country. After such consultations,
the importing party may impose duties of 25 percent for steel and 10
percent for aluminum in respect to the individual product(s) where the
surge took place (on the basis of the individual product categories
set forth in the attached chart). If the importing party takes such
action, the exporting country agrees to retaliate only in the affected
sector (i.e., aluminum and aluminum-containing products or steel).
On May 9, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is scheduled to publish a modification to the Section 301 Tariffs increasing the duty rate on the products covered in the September 2018 Federal Register Notice from the current rate of 10% to 25%. According to the notice, these changes are scheduled to take effect on May 10. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has updated the ABI to include these changes for any entries scheduled for May 10 onwards.
This modification is a result of what the USTR calls a “lack of progress in the additional rounds of negotiations [with China] since March 2019” and after a May 5 tweet from President Trump where he states that “the Trade Deal with China continues, but too slowly, as they attempt to renegotiate.”
Reported by The NCBFAA
By Ana Swanson and Keith Bradsher
WASHINGTON — President Trump, emboldened by a strong American economy and wary of criticism that an evolving trade deal with China would not adequately benefit the United States, threatened on Sunday to impose more punishing tariffs on Chinese goods in an attempt to force additional concessions in a final agreement.
Mr. Trump, in a tweet, warned that he would increase tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods at the end of this week and “shortly” impose levies on hundreds of billions of dollars of additional imports. Dozens of high-level Chinese officials are arriving in Washington this week for what was expected to be a final round of negotiations toward a trade agreement, at least in principle.
Mr. Trump’s threat caught Chinese officials by surprise. On Monday morning in Beijing, they were trying to decide whether Vice Premier Liu He should go ahead with his visit later this week to Washington, said people familiar with the talks who insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to comment publicly on the negotiations.
President Trump’s tweets come after Chinese officials took a tough line in high-level trade negotiations last week in Beijing, two of the people said. Chinese negotiators said they were reluctant to make any agreement that would require China’s legislature to approve changes to current law. The legislature in March already approved a new foreign investment law that added protections for foreign companies who fear they will be forced to transfer their technology and know-how to Chinese firms, but business groups and Trump administration officials said it didn’t go far enough.
Mr. Trump’s tweet fit a familiar pattern. He has routinely turned to tariffs to help speed negotiations and win concessions from America’s trading partners. The president has already hit Mexico, Canada, Europe and Japan with steel and aluminum tariffs and threatened to impose auto tariffs if they do not acquiesce to demands on trade and other matters. Mr. Trump has already imposed tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese goods and is now threatening to tax nearly all of the products China exports to America.
But it remains to be seen whether Mr. Trump’s threat will produce a beneficial trade agreement for the United States — or whether his attempts to pressure China will backfire by pushing already-tense relations past the breaking point. While the United States believes it has leverage over China, huge swaths of the American economy depend on access to the Chinese market for materials, products and sales.
Some of the recent strengthening of the American and Chinese economies — which has helped to quell fears of a possible recession — stems from expectations that the United States and China could soon end their monthslong trade war. Stock markets have recovered on expectations of an agreement and the Federal Reserve chairman, Jerome H. Powell, at a meeting last week, cited “reports of progress in the trade talks between the United States and China.”
The sudden hitch could change that. Asian markets opened broadly lower on Monday. Shares in China were down more than 5 percent in late morning trading.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, who made a quick trip to Beijing last week, has expressed optimism about the trade talks, which he said are in “final laps.” And outside advisers to the White House have said a deal is more likely this week than not.
But in a tweet on Sunday, Mr. Trump said talks were progressing “too slowly” and suggested that the Chinese were trying to “renegotiate” the deal. Mr. Trump repeated a threat to raise the rate on existing tariffs to 25 percent and tax $325 billion worth of China’s exports to the United States that aren’t already subject to levies.
For 10 months, China has been paying Tariffs to the USA of 25% on 50 Billion Dollars of High Tech, and 10% on 200 Billion Dollars of other goods. These payments are partially responsible for our great economic results. The 10% will go up to 25% on Friday. 325 Billions Dollars….
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 5, 2019
For further reading: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/05/business/trump-tariffs-china-trade-talks.html